Additional Background on Tunes

Note: both books include notes on many of the tunes. The information presented below is additional background on some of the tunes in the original 300 Tunes from Mike Rafferty, provided by Paul de Grae of Tralee, Co. Kerry. Also see the Known Composers page for a list of known composers of tunes in Second Wind, along with transcriptions of the composers' original versions of those tunes.

Key to Abbreviations
CRÉ = Ceol Rince na hÉireann; Breathnach
DMI = Dance Music of Ireland; O'Neill
HF = The Hidden Fermanagh; Maguire
MI = Music of Ireland; O'Neill
MM = Martin Mulvihill First Collection of Traditional Irish Music
RMC = Ryan's Mammoth Collection
TMP = Tunes of the Munster Pipers; Shields (extracts from the Goodman mss.)

[LH indicates author's notes.]

12.  The Ashmolean is called Ashmolean House in CRÉ IV, 200, which makes me wonder if it's named after a local "big house" rather than the museum.  But I have no evidence of that, despite checking in several architectural history books.

14.  Barrel Rafferty's = Master McDermott's Reel, composed by Michael "Master" McDermott from Pomeroy, Co. Tyrone, in May 1943, or adapted by him from The Boys of the Lough; also, not a million miles away from The Belles of Tipperary.  As McDermoth's, MM 179.

39.  The Humours of Thuama is also called The Cloone, CRÉ III 132 (from the recording by Matt Molloy and Tommy Peoples).  It's played beautifully by Patrick Ourceau on the "Live at Mona's" CD.

45.  The Burren is also called Thady Casey's Fancy, CRÉ III 160; or The All-Ireland, MM 52.

49.  The Belles of Tipperary has several other names. Breathnach, unusually, didn't have a title for it, so named it An Ceolchumann ("The Music Club" -CRÉ I, 166, from John Keegan, flute), a reference to Ceolchumann Naomh Mhuire (St. Mary's Music Club) in Dublin, whose members supplied most of the music in CRÉ I. Although The Belles of Tipperary is the usual name in Irish circles, the pedantically correct title is The Braes of Auchtertyre, as in the Gow and Skye collections. In RMC twice (pp. 29 and 68) as Belles of Tipperary and The Braes of Auchentyre [sic]; in the Armagh Pipers Club book "Play 50 Reels" as The New Policeman (not related to the other tune of that name). In MM, no. 229, as The Bells of Tipperary..

68.  Follow me down to Carlow is widely known as Tom Ward's Downfall, a title which I think may come from Paddy Killoran's recording of it; thus, CRÉ I 90.  In O'Neill as The Mourne Mountains (DMI 477).  Various other titles.

70.  The Hard Road to Travel is one that I call The Youngest Daughter, that being O'Neill's title for it (DMI 494).  It's typical of the labyrinth of tune names that there's another reel called The Hard Road to Travel (HF 93), and another Youngest Daughter, your alternative title for Paddy Taylor's, no.117—I don't have an alternative for that, just have it untitled (CRÉ II 241, from PT himself) and as Paddy Taylor's in another book.  To add further useless information, here's Breathnach's note in CRÉ I on his setting of The Hard Road to Travel: CRÉ I 177.  Baintreach na Radaireacht [The Ranting Widow; also CRÉ II, 292, untitled]:  O'Neill has three versions of this: The Youngest Daughter, The Mountain Lark (O'N i, 494 and 516) and Hopetoun House (O'N iii, 320).  O'Neill says in a note to the last of those tunes that it was first published by Robert Bremner in the year 1760.  Sweet Molly was O'Farrell's title for the setting he published in the "Pocket Companion".  Hardebeck has two settings (H i, 2 and H ii, 4).  He called them The Tap Room and The Tap House.  He has the wrong turn [second part] in the first setting and the ending incorrect in the second one.  Goodman calls it Cock your pistol, Charlie (G ii, 163).  It is also called Captain Murray's Reel and Polly's Reel.
[from John Potts, pipes]

71.  Shanks Mare = the E minor, or Clare, Toss the Feathers (as distinct from the D one); CRÉ I 195 and CRÉ II 291

84.  The Shores of Lough Graney may be better known, at least outside of east Clare, by the unlovely title Drag her around the Road (thus in CRÉ I, 112).  In the Stanford/Petrie collection twice, as The Pullet (458, a title which is also used today) and The Pullet and the Cock (585).
[note: Mike Rafferty has told me not to use these last 2 titles in mixed company. - LH.]

122.  Dinny Delaney's is better known as Follow me down (or Follow me down to Carlow); thus in DMI, 547 and 988.  Also The Crooked Reel, CRÉ I 107; Lady Luebeck's Reel, HF 103; Miss Murphy's Reel, TMP 483; Flip McGilder's Reel, RMC 64; untitled, MM 170.  Probably Scottish originally, possibly composed by Daniel Dow, as Bonnie Annie—thus in 18th and early 19th century Scottish collections.  The Dinny Delaney's hornpipe (no. 268) is a close variant of this reel—as you probably noticed.

123.  O'Connell's Trip to Parliament.  Thus in CRÉ II, 217.  Also The Willow Tree, MM 1.

166.  Matt Molloy's Jig.  I think this was composed by Pete Kelly, and originally called The Shannonaires' Jig, after a showband or ceili band that he was in. 
[note: the Shannonaires were a young New York ceili band in the 1960's. The provenance of this tune is still under discussion so it has been omitted from the errata section. However there are several claims that it was indeed composed by Pete Kelly. - LH.]

170.  Barrel Rafferty's Jig.  Also CRÉ II 82 (untitled), from Tom Gaffey, east Galway.

192.  McAuliffe's.  Your reference to this being Dominic's Farewell to Cashel was news to me (having not spotted the connection when seeing the tune, similarly titled, in MM), but you're absolutely correct.  I can only add that it is a composition of Josie McDermott.

207.  Lambert's Jig is in CRÉ I, 45, as The Tynagh Jig, with Delaney's as an additional title.

211.  Andy McGann's Fancy = Leitrim Jig, CRÉ I 12, MM 47.

216.  Father Quinn's (Gerry Conroy's) was composed by Seán Ryan—see p.9 of "The Hidden Ireland".

225.  Eddie Kelly's = The Meelick Team, composed by EK.

230.  O'Shaughnessy's = The Cat in the Corner / O'Mahony's Frolics (DMI 129, 190).

254.  The Rambles of Joe Burke is in O'Neill as Madam if you please (DMI 944).

268.  Dinny Delaney's.  See note to no. 122.

272.  Sean Ryan's Hornpipe = P.J. Moloney's, composed by SR, p.19 in "The Hidden Ireland".  Quite similar to The Lough Key on the facing page.

276.  I'll Mend your Pots and Kettles O.  There's a plainer setting in O'Neill, MI 57.  Caoimhin Mac Aoidh believes that it was composed by O'Neill's unrelated collaborator, James O'Neill; this on the basis of having studied James' manuscripts.

282. Martin Mulvihill's Polka was recorded by Julia Clifford as I looked east and I looked west, which I mention since it's one of the few Sliabh Luachra polkas with a non-personal-name title (Julia didn't have a title for it herself, but Maurice O'Keeffe had this one).

290.  Ta Mo Mhadra has several other titles, including Billy O'Rourke's the Buachaill in O'Neill (DMI 987), and The North Road to Aran in Breathnach (CRÉ II 65).